material witness

A person who can give testimony relating to a particular matter no one else, or at least very few, can give. In an important criminal case, a material witness may sometimes be held by the government against his or her will. He may be the victim or an eye witness.
See also witness
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In criminal trial, a witness whose testimony is crucial to either the defense or prosecution. In most states, he may be required to furnish bond for his appearance and, for want of surety, he may be confined until he testifies.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • material witness — see witness Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. material witness n …   Law dictionary

  • Material witness — A material witness (in US law) is a person with information alleged to be material concerning a criminal proceeding. The authority to detain material witnesses dates to the First Judiciary Act of 1789, but the Bail Reform Act of 1984 most… …   Wikipedia

  • material witness — A person who can give testimony relating to a particular matter no one else, or at least very few, can give. In an important criminal case, a material witness may sometimes be held by the government against his or her will. He may be the victim… …   Black's law dictionary

  • material witness — witness that can provide information that could affect the decision of a court case …   English contemporary dictionary

  • material witness — noun a witness whose testimony is both relevant to the matter at issue and required in order to resolve the matter • Hypernyms: ↑witness …   Useful english dictionary

  • witness — wit·ness 1 n [Old English witnes knowledge, testimony, witness, from wit mind, sense, knowledge] 1 a: attestation of a fact or event in witness whereof the parties have executed this release b: evidence (as of the authenticity of a conveyance by… …   Law dictionary

  • material — ma·te·ri·al 1 /mə tir ē əl/ adj 1: of, relating to, or consisting of physical matter 2: being of real importance or consequence 3: being an essential component the material terms of the contract 4: being relevant to a subject under considerati …   Law dictionary

  • material — [mə tir′ē əl] adj. [LL materialis < L materia, MATTER] 1. of matter; of substance; relating to or consisting of what occupies space; physical [a material object, material forces] 2. a) of the body or bodily needs, satisfactions, etc.;… …   English World dictionary

  • witness — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun 1 person who sees sth ADJECTIVE ▪ crucial (esp. BrE), key, material, vital (esp. BrE) ▪ As the last person to see her alive, he was a material witness in the case. ▪ independent …   Collocations dictionary

  • Witness — For other uses, see Witness (disambiguation). Evidence …   Wikipedia

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